Fourteen years after Bihar changed into the primary state in India to abolish the Agriculture Produce Advertising and marketing Committee Act in 2006, enabling inner most firms to shop for without delay from farmers, the effects had been a combined bag.
The agriculture markets had been changed by means of roadside wholesale markets that experience arise in each and every section of the state , and the place farmers promote their produce with none regulatory coverage — however to somebody they would like in contrast to within the APMC machine, the place they have been sure to fee brokers.
The native municipal our bodies, that have arrange those markets, price 1% of the promoting worth each and every from the farmer and the consumer as a facilitation price.
“Govt will have to abolish municipal tax from small vegetable farmers and make allowance them to promote produce at no cost in municipal spaces,” stated Bijay Kushwaha from Parhuti village of Bihar’s Kaimur district.
He stated that underneath the APMC Act, additionally farmers needed to pay 1% tax. When requested what has modified for the reason that APMC legislation used to be abolished, he stated farmers can now discount with the patrons with no need to head via a fee agent. “We don’t really feel cheated.”
Anil Kumar from Sakra village of Muzaffarpur district within the jap a part of the state stated that farmers are unfastened to promote — even supposing this doesn’t ensure cartelization by means of the patrons.
“Previous, fee brokers used to regulate the cost. Now, buyers from different states do. Not anything has modified for the reason that Act used to be repealed. Farmers struggle their very own fight and there is not any executive coverage,” stated Shekhar Mehta, a farmer from Navhatta in Saharsa district.
The passage of 2 farm reform expenses by means of Parliament on Sunday has introduced the focal point on Bihar. A 3rd invoice is anticipating clearance by means of the Rajya Sabha. Probably the most expenses permits farmers to function outdoor the purview of APMC. And every other lets them strike contract farming offers with companies.
“Bihar used to be the primary state to repeal the legislation although it supposed an annual lack of Rs 70 crore. But it surely introduced an finish to exploitation of farmers and corruption at mandis. This helped in farmers getting a greater worth and taken freedom from fee brokers,” stated Bihar’s deputy leader minister Sushil Kumar Modi on Monday.
A find out about by means of Jaipur-based Nationwide Institute of Agriculture Advertising and marketing in 2011-12 stated that in spite of repealing of the APMC legislation the state’s agriculture infrastructure had no longer advanced within the absence of personal companies.
The find out about really useful markets to be advanced within the public-private partnership mode via a law to be enacted by means of the state executive. “The non-public sector will function and deal with the marketplace. The person price could also be levied for the services and products supplied out there,” the find out about stated.
It additionally stated that the marketplace data machine were dismantled with abolition of APMC Act, which is valuable in the remainder of the rustic as a result of the mandi machine. The find out about additionally recommended formation of farmers associations for higher advertising of the produce.
This agricultural season has additionally observed a decrease quantity of grains being procured by means of the federal government on the Minimal Fortify Value.
In step with the Meals Company Of India site, most effective 0.05 lakh metric tonnes (LMT) of wheat used to be procured from Bihar in 2020-21 towards the revised goal of seven LMT. In 2019-20, the state businesses procured 0.03 LMT of wheat.
Bihar co-operative minister Rana Randhir Singh claimed that procurement of wheat used to be low as marketplace worth used to be higher than the MSP (of Rs 1,925 according to quintal). “Many patrons like the ones from biscuit and flour trade are purchasing wheat without delay from farmers,” the minister stated.
“Farmers aren’t getting remunerative worth for his or her produce. This yr farmers offered grains (wheat and maize) at a lot lower than MSP while farmers in Punjab and Haryana were given MSP for wheat,” countered Kaimur District Kisan Majdoor Sangh president Vijay Bahadur Singh.
That is basically for the reason that selection of procurement centres had lowered from about 9,000 in 2015-16 to one,619 in 2019-20, and the farmers are depending on patrons from different states. About 80% of the foodgrains distributed underneath the Public Distribution Gadget in Bihar is procured from different states.
Former agriculture secretary Siraj Hussain stated the state executive had no longer finished sufficient to make certain that farmers are ready to promote their produce at MSP. “Whilst a number of jap states have outfitted their procurement equipment, Bihar has sadly no longer been ready to broaden its cooperatives that are basically answerable for procurement within the state.”
“It’s (via a) direct advertising module means that ITC, makers of Ashirwad flour, is shopping 2-Three lakh metric tonnes of wheat annually without delay from farmers,” Sushil Modi stated. Agriculture minister Prem Kumar added that Bihar farmers have been getting just right worth and with the brand new farm reform legislation, they’re going to get a greater worth.
The opposition feels another way. “It (APMC Act abolition) has hardly ever helped in making improvements to the farmer’s situation. As an alternative, it has resulted in a continuing upward thrust in costs and customers are nonetheless going through its have an effect on. Farmers aren’t getting any receive advantages too,” stated senior Congress chief, H P Verma.
(With inputs from Prasun Okay Mishra and Aditya Nath Jha)